Henryk Janaczek, former inhabitant of Siomaki village, Kovel district in Volhynia province.
Dear Ms. Ewa Siemaszko

I have come back from a family reunion […]. Even on holidays I provide information which you are interested in, as results from your letter of 23.03.2002. […]
Therefore, in the silence of the evening,

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Fragments of memories of Helena Krzemionowska-Łowkis from her stay in Volhynia, 50 years after.

(…) It was a beautiful autumn day of 1994 – dimmed sun up in the sky, some clouds, fog gently laid in the fields. Warm, dreamy atmosphere of the noon. But a young, silent Ukrainian behind the wheel wanted to present to me his professional capabilities, as well as the technical performance

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Stanisław Kazimierów, former inhabitant of Kołodno village, Kremenets district in Volhynia province.

Description of personally experienced life tragedies and memories of being a 12-year-old boy, in connection with the executions of the Polish community near the place of my birth and domicile in the former areas of the Republic of Poland,

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Ewelina Hajdamowicz, former inhabitant of Lipniki colony, Kostopil district in Volhynia province.
The last night in Lipniki

Lipniki – a Polish village in Berezne commune Kostopil district in Volhynia. It was a village dense with buildings, surrounded by colonies, inhabited to a large extent by the Polish population.

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Report of Alfreda Pałka, nee Szadurska, the former resident of Marianówka colony, Lutsk district in Volhynia province.

(…) [As to the Ukrainian crimes] I only know what happened to my family quite well. During the pacification of Marianówka, Józef Dąbrowski was murdered in the following way: one of his hands was chopped off, he was tied with barbed wire

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Katarzyna Kolasińska, fomer inhabitant of Sielce colony, Kovel district in Volhynia province.

(…) My parents also decided to change their lives. They sold those several hectares of land for which they got 2000 zloty. With four children, in 1936, they left for Volhynia. Dad bought a larger farm than the previous one, and they still had money to buy a cow and a horse.

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Józef Winiarski, former inhabitant of Głęboczyca colony, Vladimir district in Volhynia province.

The Głęboczyca village was a medium-sized town among big villages: Turyczany lay in the north, and Jagodne and Hajki were in the south, and were inhabited almost exclusively by Ruthenians; they had been called that way from time immemorial. The Poles called the Ukrainians

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Jan Wereszczyński, former inhabitant of Zielony Dąb village, Zdolbuniv district in Volhynia province.

(…) on 3 July 1943 around 12 noon, a group of Ukrainian nationalists, armed with guns and knives, claiming to be Soviet guerrillas, surrounded the Zielony Dąb village ([also:] Góra Wereszczyńskich) from all sides and forced all the captured Poles

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Stanisława Piątkowska, former inhabitant of Sobolówka village, Złoczów district. Ternopil province.

I was born in 1924, on 11 May. Piątkowska is the name I took after my second husband. After the first one, I was named Solarewicz, and my family name is Wodnicka. There were five of us: four sisters, one brother. We lived in the east. Our only source

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Janina Gruszka, nee Raczyńska, former inhabitant of Radowicze village, Kovel district in Volhynia province.

Janina Gruszka, nee Raczyńska, born in Radowicze in 1927, Turzysk parish, Kovel district, Volhynia province, daughter of Zygmunt and Michalina, nee Dobrowolska. I had two sisters. Wanda, who was married and the younger Czesia.

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Witold Kołodyński, former the inhabitant of Parośla colony, Sarny district in of Volhynia province.
The dead oblige the living
Introduction

From the stories of our grandparents we know that the territories of Volhynia

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Rozalia Wielosz nee Bojko, former inhabitant of Teresin colony, Vladimir district in Volhynia province.

I was born in Teresin, Werba commune, at a distance of approximately 6km from Swojczów, in 1935. I lived there with my parents until 29 August 1943. On that day, very early in the morning, our entire family was alarmed by some fear

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Henryk Kloc, former inhabitant of Wola Ostrowiecka village, Liuboml district, in Volhynia province.

The year was 1943 – the fourth year of the dark night of Nazi occupation. To be a Pole in that period meant living in constant fear and uncertainty; day and night, death awaited us Poles.
I was 13 back then. I lived in the Volhynian village of Wola Ostrowiecka; all its inhabitants were Poles.

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Łucja Arczyńska, former inhabitant of Janowa Dolina settlement, Kostopil district in Volhynia province.

I had lived in Janowa Dolina, Kostopil district, where a basalt mine was situated, since 1927. The whole of Janowa Dolina was located in the forest. Before the war, Janowa Dolina expanded quite well and a beautiful estate was created, with houses of clerks, made of wood, in the highlander style,

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Stanisław Mogielnicka, nee Ziemiańska, former inhabitant of Zagaje village, Horokhiv district in Volhynia province.
Tragic Days in Zagaje

I was born in Zagaje (Horokhiv district, Volhynia province). Our village had 50 farms, inhabited only by Poles. Also, people of different ethnic origin did not marry each other. Zagaje was located between

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Stefania Sawicka, nee Macegoniuk, former inhabitant of Kąty village, Liuboml district, in Volhynia province.
1943 – Kąty

30 August, 2 AM. It was Sunday.

We were sleeping as usual. My father heard gunshots coming closer to the village. He woke us up and my mum said,”Put your dresses on, because we may have to run away”.

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Aleksander Kulawiak, former inhabitant of Mańków colony in Horokhiv district, Volhynia province.

I was born in 1931 in Mańków colony, Kysylyn commune, Horokhiv district in Volhynia. The neighbours were Germans, Poles and Ukrainians. Coexistence with our neighbours was good, friendly. This situation lasted until 1942. After 1942, the Ukrainians began to protest.

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Genowefa Halkiewicz, former inhabitant of Pańska Dolina colony, Dubno district in Volhynia province.

Pańska Dolina, in the interbellum period, used to be a Polish village located slightly to the south of the Łuck–Młynów–Dubno route. Its outskirts were inhabited by six Ukrainian families. Four out of them, during the tragic events of the years 1943/1944 supported the nationalists from

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Henryk Eugeniusz Łoś, former inhabitant of Kodobyszcze colony, Kostopil district in Volhynia province.

Antoni Kossowski, after establishing his farm in Nowa Natalia (later: Kadobyszcze), which, I presume, took place, in 1906, was appointed head of Bereźne commune in Równe district. He was quite well-educated for that time, considering the fact that he was just an average citizen.

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